Oil-fired boilers and furnaces are is a common method of heating your home. The oil burners will produce heat by feeding a fuel oil mist through the nozzle so the ignition electrodes will ignite the fuel oil into flames. The ducts and blowers that are connected to the system will then distribute the hot air produced throughout the entire home. Over time a buildup of dust and debris will occur in and around the burner it will reduce the efficiency of the boiler. At times this could be unsafe. There are some basic procedures that can be followed so you can clean the oil burner to keep it operating at peak performance. Before you begin any procedures on your burner be sure to check the manufacturer’s recommendation according to your make and model.
Preparation for Cleaning
Before you begin any kind of maintenance on your boiler, be sure to turn off the power off to the unit. You will need to let the boiler or furnace cool completely. Be sure to wear thick gloves and safety goggles. This is a dusty job so you will also need to wear a dusk mask.
This will keep you from breathing the soot which is also a carcinogen. Wear long sleeves and pants to protect your skin form the staining that soot can do to your skin. Make sure that you vent the work area in some way.
Locate the service door to the unit. Open the service door and begin to vacuum the loose dust, soot, and other debris around the burner with a shop vac. Use a damp microfiber cloth to wipe the burner motor, the aire band and the interior compart where the motor is located. Keep from breaking any electrical wires as you clean. It is a great idea to lubricate the motor while you have the service panel off and can easily access the motor. Replace the service door and begin to wipe down the exterior of the unit. Allow the unit to completely dry before you turn the power back on to the unit.
Begin to vacuum the loose dust, soot, and other debris around the burner with a shop vac. Use a damp microfiber cloth to wipe the burner motor, the aire band and all other components around the burner. Keep from breaking any electrical wires as you clean. It is a great idea to lubricate the motor while you have the service panel off and can easily access the motor. Wipe down the exterior of the unit. Allow the unit to completely dry before you turn the power back on to the unit.
Be sure to sweep and mop around the entire unit. Any loose debris that was created during the boiler cleaning will need to be removed before the unit is power up again. This debris could enter back into the system again.
Changing The Oil Filter
As part of keeping you system running at its peak would be the change the fuel filter, locate the fuel filter. After you have replaced the fuel filter and have cleaned the entire work area or the boiler or furnace. Turn on the power and monitored the area for any leaks from the filter and fittings you have just replaced.
These are just a few simple steps that will help you maintain your oil burner to keep it operating efficiently. If any other task or service that your unit requires it is a good idea to contact your local professional to perform the proper service that is needed.